The PDF of Indian History Notes by Disha Publication in English, useful for SSC Study, UPSC, State Public Service Commission, Govt Jobs and other competitive examination available for free download at following link.
Indian History PDF Notes for SSC
Extract from the book.
- It was founded by Jesus Christ (i.e. Merriah).
- He was born on 25th December to Mother Mary (Marium) in Bethlehem (Nr. Jerusalam)
- Bible is the holy book of Christians.
- His crucifixion (hanging) on cross happened in about AD 33.
- So, sign of ‘cross’ considered holy for Christians.
Islam in Arab Civilization
- Hazrat Prophet Muhammad Saheb founded Islam as a religion.
- He was born on Monday, April 22nd, 571 A.D. (12th Rabi Al Awwal) in Mecca.
- His father was Abdulsah & mother was Aminah.
- Abdulsah died in Madina before Muhammad was born.
- His grandfather was Abdul Mullahib.
- He was suckled by Haleema (Dai).
- Mother died when he was 6 year and grandfather died 2 years later.
- Uncle – Abu Talib took cave of him.
- Khadijah (a rich widow lady) of age 40 years married Muhammad (25 yrs).
- Hijri Era started on 24th September 622 when he migrated to Medina.
- He attained enlightment, i.e. the first revelation came to him on Monday, August 10th, 610 AD (21st of Ramadan) at 40 years of age at Gaare-Hira (Hira cave).
- First persons who embraced Islam were–Khadija (wife), Zaid (slave), Ali (cousin), & Abu Bakr (friend).
- Prophet Muhammad died on Monday, 8th June, 623 AD and was buried at Medina.
- Islam divided into shia and sunni cults after his death.
- His successors called Khalifa.
- Eid-milad-un-Nabi celebrated as the birthday of the prophet.
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